Can Exilva MFC be used in high alcohol based products such as hand sanitizers?
Rebecca Blell | April 21, 2020
Hydroalcoholic hand sanitizers are the best option to keep up your hand hygiene when soap and water are not accessible. They are one of the most used and needed products these days. If you are considering formulating a hand sanitizer, read about how you can use Exilva Microfibrillated Cellulose, a biobased material, to structure and thicken your formulations as well as provide a non-tacky feel.
Hand Hygiene is best practiced by washing hands with soap and water. This act reduces the amount of all types of germs and chemicals on hands. If soap and water are not available, using a hand sanitizer with a final concentration of at least 60% ethanol or 70% isopropyl alcohol inactivates viruses that are genetically related to, and with similar physical properties as, the COVID-19 virus.
In this blog post, I will discuss the possibility of using Exilva microfibrillated cellulose with high concentrations of alcohols and in products such as hand sanitizers.
Increased need for thickeners, rheology additives, structuring agents for Hand sanitizer:
Due to the global situation and the recommendations above, the need for and the use of hand sanitizers has increased in a way that probably nobody in 2019 have predicted or anticipated. There is therefore high need for quick availability and supply of not only the alcohols but also additives that usually are used in these formulations as rheology and structuring agents.
In order to demonstrate that Borregaard’s biobased additives can be part of the solution if and when needed, we have carried out a study to show that it’s possible to use Exilva, a biobased cellulose fibrillar structuring agent, to control the flow and rheology of formulations with high concentrated alcohol formulations such as hand sanitizers.
Hand sanitizers are traditionally and most often a clear transparent gel. Not all common rheology additives and structuring agents are soluble or dispersible in high concentration of solvents. In hand sanitizers, rheology additives such as acrylates and cellulose derivatives are traditionally used to make these products gel-like.
What are the features of a hand sanitizer with an innovative and high performance material such as Exilva?
Exilva can be used to thicken and structure formulations containing a very high concentration of alcohols and up to 90wt% of Ethanol and Isopropanol.
Below is an example of a formulation containing Exilva MFC:
Exilva MFC **
* Alcohols tested: Ethanol and Isopropanol ** Concentration based on dry cellulose fibril content
The addition order and dispersion method used are important when looking for optimal performance of Exilva.
The resulting hydroalcoholic formulations (both with Ethanol and Isopropanol) are homogeneous, non-transparent and opaque. The non-soluble nature of the entangled cellulose fibrils in Exilva is responsible both for the structuring of high levels of alcohol as well as giving the opaque appearance.
Due to the extreme shear thinning behavior of the fibrils, the hand sanitizer with Exilva is possible to spray with a nice spray mist and a non-dripping effect on vertical surfaces.
The measured Brookfield viscosity of this alcohol containing formulation is 1 200 – 1 300 mPa s (Spindle V-72 ; 10rpm for 5 minutes). The viscosity can be adjusted by adjusting the concentration of MFC used.
Keep in mind that due to the extreme shear thinning behavior of Exilva, Brookfield viscosity values measured under a given shear are much lower than the viscosity at rest of a formulation with Exilva.
Yes, you can!
As a conclusion, it is definitely possible to use Exilva MFC as a rheology and structuring agent for high concentrations of alcohols and in hand sanitizers. Exilva imparts a very high viscosity at rest of the formulation and allows for good flow properties and possibility to spray.
Exilva is a different rheology additive than what is traditionally used for the mentioned applications today. The end product might look different but will be sprayable, non-tacky and will probably lower the carbon footprint of the end formulation due to its biobased nature.
Tune in the next weeks to read more about the possibility of using Exilva in high alcohol based products such as antiseptics and antibacterials but also in disinfectant formulations in general.
Rebecca first started working with microfibrillated cellulose in 2009, during her studies, as part of the SustainComp project. She joined Borregaard in 2014 as a research scientist and focused on the Exilva product and its performance in cleaning products, cosmetics and agricultural applications. She is now working as the Technical Application Manager for these applications in parallel to being Technical Sales Manager for Exilva products in France and UK. Rebecca has a PhD in physical chemistry from the University of Strasbourg, France and experience from international companies.